In some cases, no treatment is needed. When a pterygium or pinguecula becomes red and irritated, eyedrops or ointments may be used to help reduce inflammation. Dr. Jovkar may also prescribe short-term topical anti-inflammatory drops when symptoms are not relieved with artificial lubricants.
If the growths become large enough to threaten sight or cause persistent discomfort, they can be removed surgically. They are also sometimes removed for cosmetic reasons.
The best way to avoid recurrences is to limit exposure to the environmental factors that contribute to their growth by:
- adequately protecting your eyes from excessive UV light with proper sunglasses;
- protecting your eyes in dry, dusty conditions with proper eyewear;
- applying artificial tears to your eyes in dry conditions.